It is difficult to know the exact number of deaths by torture in China and reports vary on the number of Falun Gong practitioners who died from this. The New York Times published a report that there were at least two thousand deaths due to torture. Amnesty International reported that in the 2008 at least a hundred Falun Gong believers died whilst in custody or shortly after being released. Falun Gong reports that there have been almost 4,000 deaths and a journalist investigating the torture believed that around sixty-five thousand Falun Gong practitioners were killed in order to use their organs. Researchers believe that there were over 40, 000 transplants where the donor was unknown between 2000 and 2005.

The authorities in China will not publish any information regarding the deaths of Falun Gong practitioners due to torture. Although officials looking at individual deaths have denied they were due to torturous methods.